We treasure our elephants, not only because they are remarkable creatures, but also because they are a keystone species that protect our environment and can help our people achieve a prosperous and stable future. 


Our National Elephant Action Plans (NEAPs) are aligned with the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), introduced in 2016. We believe that the challenges of conservation and ending poverty cannot be seen in isolation. SDG 15, Life on Land, calls for urgent action to end the poaching and trafficking of protected species, but says this is best achieved by ensuring local communities are able to achieve sustainable livelihoods.


We recognise that people living alongside elephants sometimes pay a cost. Elephants destroy crops and even kill people. As human populations grow and habitats shrink, Human-Elephant Conflict (HEC) is increasing. Our NEAPs are designed to attract donor funding that will mitigate these conflicts, and ensure a better future… for people and elephants. 

Photography by Karel Prinsloo © 

Photography by Karel Prinsloo © 

Human population growth is a reality that conservationists must reckon with. Africa’s human population is expected to nearly double by the year 2050, from 1.2 billion people today to an estimated 2.4 billion people in 35 years. More people will mean increased pressures on land and resources. There will be less space available for all species and not just elephants. Conservationists must think clearly about this challenge and discuss openly how to manage elephants in human dominated landscapes.
— Dr. Winnie Kiiru, Senior Technical Advisor for the EPI